Multiple Domain Names on Tomcat Server

Set up multiple domain names on the Tomcat server in order to increase the usability, efficiency and scalability of your application, as well as save your costs without having to configure separate instances. For this, make some minor adjustments within Tomcat configuration files as described below.

1. Log into the Jelastic PaaS dashboard and click the New environment button:

new environment button
2. In the Environment Topology dialog, pick your application server (e.g. Tomcat 9), and type your environment name, for example, multibinding.

topology wizard
In a minute your environment will be successfully created.

new tomcat environment

3. You can buy and set up your own domain names instead of default ones by adding CNAME record or by setting A Records. Read more in the Custom External Domain Name Binding document.

4. Go back to the Jelastic dashboard, click the Settings button for your environment and bind your domains.

environment settings button
In our example, we’ll use tomcatfirst.tk for the first domain name, and tomcatsecond.tk for the second.

bind custom domain

5. Now you need to deploy the projects.

  • Upload the application file to the Deployment Manager and press Deploy to button.

    As an example, we use Hello World which is available in Deployment Manager by default.

    deploy application
    When the Deploy form appears choose your environment and assign the context (tomcatfirst, in our case). Then press Deploy button.

    deploy dialog
  • Upload the second application archive. We will use modified Hello World (the words “You did it!” are recolored in red) just to see the difference at the final steps.

    Then deploy this application to the same environment but with different context, (e.g. tomcatsecond).

    deploying second app into environment
When deployment is finished you have two applications deployed in your environment.

environment with two apps
6. Now click on Сonfig button for Tomcat and navigate to server.xml file (the /opt/tomcat/conf directory).

server.xml config file

Add Host tags for each domain you want to bind:

<Host name="external.domain.tld" appBase="webapps/context_name" autoDeploy="true">
    <Alias>external.domain.tld</Alias>
    <Context path="" docBase="${catalina.base}/webapps/context_name"/>
</Host>

In our sample, we add the following code to server.xml file:

<Host name="tomcatfirst.tk" appBase="webapps/tomcatfirst" autoDeploy="true">
<Alias>tomcatfirst.tk</Alias>
<Context path="" docBase="${catalina.base}/webapps/tomcatfirst"/>
</Host>

<Host name="tomcatsecond.tk" appBase="webapps/tomcatsecond" autoDeploy="true">
<Alias>tomcatsecond.tk</Alias>
<Context path="" docBase="${catalina.base}/webapps/tomcatsecond"/>
</Host>

configuring tomcat server
7. Save the changes and restart Tomcat.

restart nodes button
8. Now you can check the results. Both your applications will be available through the specified domain names running on a single Tomcat server.

first application with custom domain
second application with custom domain
Note: If you want to redeploy an application to the Tomcat instance with already configured server.xml, you need to comment < Host > block before redeploying and uncomment it afterwards.