Python Application Connection to MySQL/MariaDB

MySQL and MariaDB are highly popular among developers all over the world, when an open source SQL databases are required. In this instruction we’ll show you how to connect your Python application, hosted within Jelastic PaaS, to these DB servers.

1. Log into Jelastic dashboard and create a new environment with both Python and MySQL (or Python and MariaDB) servers.

create Python MySQL environment

Tip: Locating instances within a single environment is just an example, you can establish connection between different environments in just the same way.

2. After environment creation, access your application server via Jelastic SSH Gate, e.g. by pressing the Web SSH button.

Python Web SSH button

A terminal emulator with the automatically established SSH connection to your node will be opened in the appropriate tab.

3. Now, install a MySQL connector for Python (it works with MariaDB as well) with the following command:

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pip install mysql-connector==2.1.6

install Python MySQL connector

Note: In order to use the newer version of the MySQL connector, you need to additionally install Protobuf C++ of the 2.6.0 version or above.

4. Next, let’s create a simple Python script to establish database connection. You can use any preferable text editor for this task, as well as any filename with the .py extension (e.g. vim script.py).

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import mysql.connector
from mysql.connector import errorcode
try:
  cnx = mysql.connector.connect(user='{user}', password='{password}',
                                host='{host}', database='{database}')
except mysql.connector.Error as err:
  if err.errno == errorcode.ER_ACCESS_DENIED_ERROR:
    print("Something is wrong with your user name or password")
  elif err.errno == errorcode.ER_BAD_DB_ERROR:
    print("Database does not exist")
  else:
    print(err)
else:
  print("You are connected!")
  cnx.close()

Here, you need to adjust the connection string (all the required information is provided within email for your MySQL / MariaDB node):

  • {user} - username to log into database with
  • {password} - password for the appropriate user
  • {host} - link to your MySQL / MariaDB container
  • {database} - database to be accessed (e.g. the default mysql one)

Python MySQL connection code

This script will connect to the specified database server with the provided credentials and will print connection errors (if any) or just a “You are connected!” phrase.

5. So, let’s execute our code with the appropriate command:

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python script.py

Python MySQL connection test

If the “You are connected!” string appeared within terminal, the connection was successful. Now, you can be sure that your database server is accessible and you can extend the code to execute the required actions.

What’s next?